The great temple of Athena Parthenos. 447-432
B.C. Highest achievement of ancient greek classical art and the most significant
and representative monument of the athenian democracy at the height of its
glory. The restoration of the Parthenon is divided in
twelve projects involving the following parts of the monument; the four facades,
the two inner porches (pronaos and opisthonaos), the four walls of the sekos(the
temple's interior), the crepidomas and floors.
The first restoration project-the restoration of
the east facade of the Parthenon -was carried out between 1986 and 1990. In
1992/3 the west frieze of the Parthenon had been transferred to the Acropolis
Museum. On the monument it will be replaced by a faithful copy. Currently consolidation and restoration work is
carried on the opisthonaos (rear inner porch), the long walls of the sekos, and
the pronaos (front inner porch) of the monument.
Parthenon is in front of all the other monuments
of Greek architecture for the combination of prudence and his boldness,
magnificence and simplicity. The balance of these elements, perfection of
composition,is related certainly with the maturity of thought of Pericles, his
democratic policy and his faculty in the choice of executants of the artefact.
Parthenon was studied a long time until it's last detail by Pericles, Phidias,
Ictinus and Kallikrates, but came to it's final phase without any change and in
a very short time. The first Stone was placed at 447 BC. At 438 temple had been
inaugurated, with the statue of the Goddess Athena , at the Big Panathenaia. It
was nothing left but to be supplemented the secondary work, that was continued
up to 432. Phidias because the envy of his enemies, was not anymore there in
order to direct the project. He worked, from the 437, in Olympia, in the
manufacture of the statue of Zeus, which was his last masterpiece.